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java.util.concurrent
Class LinkedBlockingDeque<E>

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.util.AbstractCollection<E>
      extended by java.util.AbstractQueue<E>
          extended by java.util.concurrent.LinkedBlockingDeque<E>
Type Parameters:
E - the type of elements held in this collection
All Implemented Interfaces:
Serializable, Iterable<E>, Collection<E>, BlockingDeque<E>, BlockingQueue<E>, Deque<E>, Queue<E>

public class LinkedBlockingDeque<E>
extends AbstractQueue<E>
implements BlockingDeque<E>, Serializable

An optionally-bounded blocking deque based on linked nodes.

The optional capacity bound constructor argument serves as a way to prevent excessive expansion. The capacity, if unspecified, is equal to Integer.MAX_VALUE. Linked nodes are dynamically created upon each insertion unless this would bring the deque above capacity.

Most operations run in constant time (ignoring time spent blocking). Exceptions include remove, removeFirstOccurrence, removeLastOccurrence, contains, iterator.remove(), and the bulk operations, all of which run in linear time.

This class and its iterator implement all of the optional methods of the Collection and Iterator interfaces.

This class is a member of the Java Collections Framework.

Since:
1.6
See Also:
Serialized Form

Constructor Summary
LinkedBlockingDeque()
          Creates a LinkedBlockingDeque with a capacity of Integer.MAX_VALUE.
LinkedBlockingDeque(Collection<? extends E> c)
          Creates a LinkedBlockingDeque with a capacity of Integer.MAX_VALUE, initially containing the elements of the given collection, added in traversal order of the collection's iterator.
LinkedBlockingDeque(int capacity)
          Creates a LinkedBlockingDeque with the given (fixed) capacity.
 
Method Summary
 boolean add(E e)
          Inserts the specified element at the end of this deque unless it would violate capacity restrictions.
 void addFirst(E e)
          Inserts the specified element at the front of this deque if it is possible to do so immediately without violating capacity restrictions, throwing an IllegalStateException if no space is currently available.
 void addLast(E e)
          Inserts the specified element at the end of this deque if it is possible to do so immediately without violating capacity restrictions, throwing an IllegalStateException if no space is currently available.
 void clear()
          Atomically removes all of the elements from this deque.
 boolean contains(Object o)
          Returns true if this deque contains the specified element.
 Iterator<E> descendingIterator()
          Returns an iterator over the elements in this deque in reverse sequential order.
 int drainTo(Collection<? super E> c)
          Removes all available elements from this queue and adds them to the given collection.
 int drainTo(Collection<? super E> c, int maxElements)
          Removes at most the given number of available elements from this queue and adds them to the given collection.
 E element()
          Retrieves, but does not remove, the head of the queue represented by this deque.
 E getFirst()
          Retrieves, but does not remove, the first element of this deque.
 E getLast()
          Retrieves, but does not remove, the last element of this deque.
 Iterator<E> iterator()
          Returns an iterator over the elements in this deque in proper sequence.
 boolean offer(E e)
          Inserts the specified element into the queue represented by this deque (in other words, at the tail of this deque) if it is possible to do so immediately without violating capacity restrictions, returning true upon success and false if no space is currently available.
 boolean offer(E e, long timeout, TimeUnit unit)
          Inserts the specified element into the queue represented by this deque (in other words, at the tail of this deque), waiting up to the specified wait time if necessary for space to become available.
 boolean offerFirst(E e)
          Inserts the specified element at the front of this deque if it is possible to do so immediately without violating capacity restrictions, returning true upon success and false if no space is currently available.
 boolean offerFirst(E e, long timeout, TimeUnit unit)
          Inserts the specified element at the front of this deque, waiting up to the specified wait time if necessary for space to become available.
 boolean offerLast(E e)
          Inserts the specified element at the end of this deque if it is possible to do so immediately without violating capacity restrictions, returning true upon success and false if no space is currently available.
 boolean offerLast(E e, long timeout, TimeUnit unit)
          Inserts the specified element at the end of this deque, waiting up to the specified wait time if necessary for space to become available.
 E peek()
          Retrieves, but does not remove, the head of the queue represented by this deque (in other words, the first element of this deque), or returns null if this deque is empty.
 E peekFirst()
          Retrieves, but does not remove, the first element of this deque, or returns null if this deque is empty.
 E peekLast()
          Retrieves, but does not remove, the last element of this deque, or returns null if this deque is empty.
 E poll()
          Retrieves and removes the head of the queue represented by this deque (in other words, the first element of this deque), or returns null if this deque is empty.
 E poll(long timeout, TimeUnit unit)
          Retrieves and removes the head of the queue represented by this deque (in other words, the first element of this deque), waiting up to the specified wait time if necessary for an element to become available.
 E pollFirst()
          Retrieves and removes the first element of this deque, or returns null if this deque is empty.
 E pollFirst(long timeout, TimeUnit unit)
          Retrieves and removes the first element of this deque, waiting up to the specified wait time if necessary for an element to become available.
 E pollLast()
          Retrieves and removes the last element of this deque, or returns null if this deque is empty.
 E pollLast(long timeout, TimeUnit unit)
          Retrieves and removes the last element of this deque, waiting up to the specified wait time if necessary for an element to become available.
 E pop()
          Pops an element from the stack represented by this deque.
 void push(E e)
          Pushes an element onto the stack represented by this deque.
 void put(E e)
          Inserts the specified element into the queue represented by this deque (in other words, at the tail of this deque), waiting if necessary for space to become available.
 void putFirst(E e)
          Inserts the specified element at the front of this deque, waiting if necessary for space to become available.
 void putLast(E e)
          Inserts the specified element at the end of this deque, waiting if necessary for space to become available.
 int remainingCapacity()
          Returns the number of additional elements that this deque can ideally (in the absence of memory or resource constraints) accept without blocking.
 E remove()
          Retrieves and removes the head of the queue represented by this deque.
 boolean remove(Object o)
          Removes the first occurrence of the specified element from this deque.
 E removeFirst()
          Retrieves and removes the first element of this deque.
 boolean removeFirstOccurrence(Object o)
          Removes the first occurrence of the specified element from this deque.
 E removeLast()
          Retrieves and removes the last element of this deque.
 boolean removeLastOccurrence(Object o)
          Removes the last occurrence of the specified element from this deque.
 int size()
          Returns the number of elements in this deque.
 E take()
          Retrieves and removes the head of the queue represented by this deque (in other words, the first element of this deque), waiting if necessary until an element becomes available.
 E takeFirst()
          Retrieves and removes the first element of this deque, waiting if necessary until an element becomes available.
 E takeLast()
          Retrieves and removes the last element of this deque, waiting if necessary until an element becomes available.
 Object[] toArray()
          Returns an array containing all of the elements in this deque, in proper sequence (from first to last element).
<T> T[]
toArray(T[] a)
          Returns an array containing all of the elements in this deque, in proper sequence; the runtime type of the returned array is that of the specified array.
 String toString()
          Returns a string representation of this collection.
 
Methods inherited from class java.util.AbstractQueue
addAll
 
Methods inherited from class java.util.AbstractCollection
containsAll, isEmpty, removeAll, retainAll
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
 
Methods inherited from interface java.util.Collection
addAll, containsAll, equals, hashCode, isEmpty, removeAll, retainAll
 

Constructor Detail

LinkedBlockingDeque

public LinkedBlockingDeque()
Creates a LinkedBlockingDeque with a capacity of Integer.MAX_VALUE.


LinkedBlockingDeque

public LinkedBlockingDeque(int capacity)
Creates a LinkedBlockingDeque with the given (fixed) capacity.

Parameters:
capacity - the capacity of this deque
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if capacity is less than 1

LinkedBlockingDeque

public LinkedBlockingDeque(Collection<? extends E> c)
Creates a LinkedBlockingDeque with a capacity of Integer.MAX_VALUE, initially containing the elements of the given collection, added in traversal order of the collection's iterator.

Parameters:
c - the collection of elements to initially contain
Throws:
NullPointerException - if the specified collection or any of its elements are null
Method Detail

addFirst

public void addFirst(E e)
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Inserts the specified element at the front of this deque if it is possible to do so immediately without violating capacity restrictions, throwing an IllegalStateException if no space is currently available. When using a capacity-restricted deque, it is generally preferable to use offerFirst.

Specified by:
addFirst in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Specified by:
addFirst in interface Deque<E>
Parameters:
e - the element to add
Throws:
IllegalStateException - if the element cannot be added at this time due to capacity restrictions
NullPointerException - if the specified element is null

addLast

public void addLast(E e)
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Inserts the specified element at the end of this deque if it is possible to do so immediately without violating capacity restrictions, throwing an IllegalStateException if no space is currently available. When using a capacity-restricted deque, it is generally preferable to use offerLast.

Specified by:
addLast in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Specified by:
addLast in interface Deque<E>
Parameters:
e - the element to add
Throws:
IllegalStateException - if the element cannot be added at this time due to capacity restrictions
NullPointerException - if the specified element is null

offerFirst

public boolean offerFirst(E e)
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Inserts the specified element at the front of this deque if it is possible to do so immediately without violating capacity restrictions, returning true upon success and false if no space is currently available. When using a capacity-restricted deque, this method is generally preferable to the addFirst method, which can fail to insert an element only by throwing an exception.

Specified by:
offerFirst in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Specified by:
offerFirst in interface Deque<E>
Parameters:
e - the element to add
Returns:
true if the element was added to this deque, else false
Throws:
NullPointerException - if the specified element is null

offerLast

public boolean offerLast(E e)
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Inserts the specified element at the end of this deque if it is possible to do so immediately without violating capacity restrictions, returning true upon success and false if no space is currently available. When using a capacity-restricted deque, this method is generally preferable to the addLast method, which can fail to insert an element only by throwing an exception.

Specified by:
offerLast in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Specified by:
offerLast in interface Deque<E>
Parameters:
e - the element to add
Returns:
true if the element was added to this deque, else false
Throws:
NullPointerException - if the specified element is null

putFirst

public void putFirst(E e)
              throws InterruptedException
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Inserts the specified element at the front of this deque, waiting if necessary for space to become available.

Specified by:
putFirst in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Parameters:
e - the element to add
Throws:
NullPointerException - if the specified element is null
InterruptedException - if interrupted while waiting

putLast

public void putLast(E e)
             throws InterruptedException
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Inserts the specified element at the end of this deque, waiting if necessary for space to become available.

Specified by:
putLast in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Parameters:
e - the element to add
Throws:
NullPointerException - if the specified element is null
InterruptedException - if interrupted while waiting

offerFirst

public boolean offerFirst(E e,
                          long timeout,
                          TimeUnit unit)
                   throws InterruptedException
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Inserts the specified element at the front of this deque, waiting up to the specified wait time if necessary for space to become available.

Specified by:
offerFirst in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Parameters:
e - the element to add
timeout - how long to wait before giving up, in units of unit
unit - a TimeUnit determining how to interpret the timeout parameter
Returns:
true if successful, or false if the specified waiting time elapses before space is available
Throws:
NullPointerException - if the specified element is null
InterruptedException - if interrupted while waiting

offerLast

public boolean offerLast(E e,
                         long timeout,
                         TimeUnit unit)
                  throws InterruptedException
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Inserts the specified element at the end of this deque, waiting up to the specified wait time if necessary for space to become available.

Specified by:
offerLast in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Parameters:
e - the element to add
timeout - how long to wait before giving up, in units of unit
unit - a TimeUnit determining how to interpret the timeout parameter
Returns:
true if successful, or false if the specified waiting time elapses before space is available
Throws:
NullPointerException - if the specified element is null
InterruptedException - if interrupted while waiting

removeFirst

public E removeFirst()
Description copied from interface: Deque
Retrieves and removes the first element of this deque. This method differs from pollFirst only in that it throws an exception if this deque is empty.

Specified by:
removeFirst in interface Deque<E>
Returns:
the head of this deque
Throws:
NoSuchElementException - if this deque is empty

removeLast

public E removeLast()
Description copied from interface: Deque
Retrieves and removes the last element of this deque. This method differs from pollLast only in that it throws an exception if this deque is empty.

Specified by:
removeLast in interface Deque<E>
Returns:
the tail of this deque
Throws:
NoSuchElementException - if this deque is empty

pollFirst

public E pollFirst()
Description copied from interface: Deque
Retrieves and removes the first element of this deque, or returns null if this deque is empty.

Specified by:
pollFirst in interface Deque<E>
Returns:
the head of this deque, or null if this deque is empty

pollLast

public E pollLast()
Description copied from interface: Deque
Retrieves and removes the last element of this deque, or returns null if this deque is empty.

Specified by:
pollLast in interface Deque<E>
Returns:
the tail of this deque, or null if this deque is empty

takeFirst

public E takeFirst()
            throws InterruptedException
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Retrieves and removes the first element of this deque, waiting if necessary until an element becomes available.

Specified by:
takeFirst in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Returns:
the head of this deque
Throws:
InterruptedException - if interrupted while waiting

takeLast

public E takeLast()
           throws InterruptedException
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Retrieves and removes the last element of this deque, waiting if necessary until an element becomes available.

Specified by:
takeLast in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Returns:
the tail of this deque
Throws:
InterruptedException - if interrupted while waiting

pollFirst

public E pollFirst(long timeout,
                   TimeUnit unit)
            throws InterruptedException
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Retrieves and removes the first element of this deque, waiting up to the specified wait time if necessary for an element to become available.

Specified by:
pollFirst in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Parameters:
timeout - how long to wait before giving up, in units of unit
unit - a TimeUnit determining how to interpret the timeout parameter
Returns:
the head of this deque, or null if the specified waiting time elapses before an element is available
Throws:
InterruptedException - if interrupted while waiting

pollLast

public E pollLast(long timeout,
                  TimeUnit unit)
           throws InterruptedException
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Retrieves and removes the last element of this deque, waiting up to the specified wait time if necessary for an element to become available.

Specified by:
pollLast in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Parameters:
timeout - how long to wait before giving up, in units of unit
unit - a TimeUnit determining how to interpret the timeout parameter
Returns:
the tail of this deque, or null if the specified waiting time elapses before an element is available
Throws:
InterruptedException - if interrupted while waiting

getFirst

public E getFirst()
Description copied from interface: Deque
Retrieves, but does not remove, the first element of this deque. This method differs from peekFirst only in that it throws an exception if this deque is empty.

Specified by:
getFirst in interface Deque<E>
Returns:
the head of this deque
Throws:
NoSuchElementException - if this deque is empty

getLast

public E getLast()
Description copied from interface: Deque
Retrieves, but does not remove, the last element of this deque. This method differs from peekLast only in that it throws an exception if this deque is empty.

Specified by:
getLast in interface Deque<E>
Returns:
the tail of this deque
Throws:
NoSuchElementException - if this deque is empty

peekFirst

public E peekFirst()
Description copied from interface: Deque
Retrieves, but does not remove, the first element of this deque, or returns null if this deque is empty.

Specified by:
peekFirst in interface Deque<E>
Returns:
the head of this deque, or null if this deque is empty

peekLast

public E peekLast()
Description copied from interface: Deque
Retrieves, but does not remove, the last element of this deque, or returns null if this deque is empty.

Specified by:
peekLast in interface Deque<E>
Returns:
the tail of this deque, or null if this deque is empty

removeFirstOccurrence

public boolean removeFirstOccurrence(Object o)
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Removes the first occurrence of the specified element from this deque. If the deque does not contain the element, it is unchanged. More formally, removes the first element e such that o.equals(e) (if such an element exists). Returns true if this deque contained the specified element (or equivalently, if this deque changed as a result of the call).

Specified by:
removeFirstOccurrence in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Specified by:
removeFirstOccurrence in interface Deque<E>
Parameters:
o - element to be removed from this deque, if present
Returns:
true if an element was removed as a result of this call

removeLastOccurrence

public boolean removeLastOccurrence(Object o)
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Removes the last occurrence of the specified element from this deque. If the deque does not contain the element, it is unchanged. More formally, removes the last element e such that o.equals(e) (if such an element exists). Returns true if this deque contained the specified element (or equivalently, if this deque changed as a result of the call).

Specified by:
removeLastOccurrence in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Specified by:
removeLastOccurrence in interface Deque<E>
Parameters:
o - element to be removed from this deque, if present
Returns:
true if an element was removed as a result of this call

add

public boolean add(E e)
Inserts the specified element at the end of this deque unless it would violate capacity restrictions. When using a capacity-restricted deque, it is generally preferable to use method offer.

This method is equivalent to addLast(E).

Specified by:
add in interface Collection<E>
Specified by:
add in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Specified by:
add in interface BlockingQueue<E>
Specified by:
add in interface Deque<E>
Specified by:
add in interface Queue<E>
Overrides:
add in class AbstractQueue<E>
Parameters:
e - the element to add
Returns:
true (as specified by Collection.add(E))
Throws:
IllegalStateException - if the element cannot be added at this time due to capacity restrictions
NullPointerException - if the specified element is null

offer

public boolean offer(E e)
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Inserts the specified element into the queue represented by this deque (in other words, at the tail of this deque) if it is possible to do so immediately without violating capacity restrictions, returning true upon success and false if no space is currently available. When using a capacity-restricted deque, this method is generally preferable to the BlockingDeque.add(E) method, which can fail to insert an element only by throwing an exception.

This method is equivalent to offerLast.

Specified by:
offer in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Specified by:
offer in interface BlockingQueue<E>
Specified by:
offer in interface Deque<E>
Specified by:
offer in interface Queue<E>
Parameters:
e - the element to add
Returns:
true if the element was added to this queue, else false
Throws:
NullPointerException - if the specified element is null

put

public void put(E e)
         throws InterruptedException
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Inserts the specified element into the queue represented by this deque (in other words, at the tail of this deque), waiting if necessary for space to become available.

This method is equivalent to putLast.

Specified by:
put in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Specified by:
put in interface BlockingQueue<E>
Parameters:
e - the element to add
Throws:
NullPointerException - if the specified element is null
InterruptedException - if interrupted while waiting

offer

public boolean offer(E e,
                     long timeout,
                     TimeUnit unit)
              throws InterruptedException
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Inserts the specified element into the queue represented by this deque (in other words, at the tail of this deque), waiting up to the specified wait time if necessary for space to become available.

This method is equivalent to offerLast.

Specified by:
offer in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Specified by:
offer in interface BlockingQueue<E>
Parameters:
e - the element to add
timeout - how long to wait before giving up, in units of unit
unit - a TimeUnit determining how to interpret the timeout parameter
Returns:
true if the element was added to this deque, else false
Throws:
NullPointerException - if the specified element is null
InterruptedException - if interrupted while waiting

remove

public E remove()
Retrieves and removes the head of the queue represented by this deque. This method differs from poll only in that it throws an exception if this deque is empty.

This method is equivalent to removeFirst.

Specified by:
remove in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Specified by:
remove in interface Deque<E>
Specified by:
remove in interface Queue<E>
Overrides:
remove in class AbstractQueue<E>
Returns:
the head of the queue represented by this deque
Throws:
NoSuchElementException - if this deque is empty

poll

public E poll()
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Retrieves and removes the head of the queue represented by this deque (in other words, the first element of this deque), or returns null if this deque is empty.

This method is equivalent to Deque.pollFirst().

Specified by:
poll in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Specified by:
poll in interface Deque<E>
Specified by:
poll in interface Queue<E>
Returns:
the head of this deque, or null if this deque is empty

take

public E take()
       throws InterruptedException
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Retrieves and removes the head of the queue represented by this deque (in other words, the first element of this deque), waiting if necessary until an element becomes available.

This method is equivalent to takeFirst.

Specified by:
take in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Specified by:
take in interface BlockingQueue<E>
Returns:
the head of this deque
Throws:
InterruptedException - if interrupted while waiting

poll

public E poll(long timeout,
              TimeUnit unit)
       throws InterruptedException
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Retrieves and removes the head of the queue represented by this deque (in other words, the first element of this deque), waiting up to the specified wait time if necessary for an element to become available.

This method is equivalent to pollFirst.

Specified by:
poll in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Specified by:
poll in interface BlockingQueue<E>
Parameters:
timeout - how long to wait before giving up, in units of unit
unit - a TimeUnit determining how to interpret the timeout parameter
Returns:
the head of this deque, or null if the specified waiting time elapses before an element is available
Throws:
InterruptedException - if interrupted while waiting

element

public E element()
Retrieves, but does not remove, the head of the queue represented by this deque. This method differs from peek only in that it throws an exception if this deque is empty.

This method is equivalent to getFirst.

Specified by:
element in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Specified by:
element in interface Deque<E>
Specified by:
element in interface Queue<E>
Overrides:
element in class AbstractQueue<E>
Returns:
the head of the queue represented by this deque
Throws:
NoSuchElementException - if this deque is empty

peek

public E peek()
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Retrieves, but does not remove, the head of the queue represented by this deque (in other words, the first element of this deque), or returns null if this deque is empty.

This method is equivalent to peekFirst.

Specified by:
peek in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Specified by:
peek in interface Deque<E>
Specified by:
peek in interface Queue<E>
Returns:
the head of this deque, or null if this deque is empty

remainingCapacity

public int remainingCapacity()
Returns the number of additional elements that this deque can ideally (in the absence of memory or resource constraints) accept without blocking. This is always equal to the initial capacity of this deque less the current size of this deque.

Note that you cannot always tell if an attempt to insert an element will succeed by inspecting remainingCapacity because it may be the case that another thread is about to insert or remove an element.

Specified by:
remainingCapacity in interface BlockingQueue<E>
Returns:
the remaining capacity

drainTo

public int drainTo(Collection<? super E> c)
Description copied from interface: BlockingQueue
Removes all available elements from this queue and adds them to the given collection. This operation may be more efficient than repeatedly polling this queue. A failure encountered while attempting to add elements to collection c may result in elements being in neither, either or both collections when the associated exception is thrown. Attempts to drain a queue to itself result in IllegalArgumentException. Further, the behavior of this operation is undefined if the specified collection is modified while the operation is in progress.

Specified by:
drainTo in interface BlockingQueue<E>
Parameters:
c - the collection to transfer elements into
Returns:
the number of elements transferred
Throws:
UnsupportedOperationException - if addition of elements is not supported by the specified collection
ClassCastException - if the class of an element of this queue prevents it from being added to the specified collection
NullPointerException - if the specified collection is null
IllegalArgumentException - if the specified collection is this queue, or some property of an element of this queue prevents it from being added to the specified collection

drainTo

public int drainTo(Collection<? super E> c,
                   int maxElements)
Description copied from interface: BlockingQueue
Removes at most the given number of available elements from this queue and adds them to the given collection. A failure encountered while attempting to add elements to collection c may result in elements being in neither, either or both collections when the associated exception is thrown. Attempts to drain a queue to itself result in IllegalArgumentException. Further, the behavior of this operation is undefined if the specified collection is modified while the operation is in progress.

Specified by:
drainTo in interface BlockingQueue<E>
Parameters:
c - the collection to transfer elements into
maxElements - the maximum number of elements to transfer
Returns:
the number of elements transferred
Throws:
UnsupportedOperationException - if addition of elements is not supported by the specified collection
ClassCastException - if the class of an element of this queue prevents it from being added to the specified collection
NullPointerException - if the specified collection is null
IllegalArgumentException - if the specified collection is this queue, or some property of an element of this queue prevents it from being added to the specified collection

push

public void push(E e)
Description copied from interface: BlockingDeque
Pushes an element onto the stack represented by this deque. In other words, inserts the element at the front of this deque unless it would violate capacity restrictions.

This method is equivalent to addFirst.

Specified by:
push in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Specified by:
push in interface Deque<E>
Parameters:
e - the element to push
Throws:
IllegalStateException - if the element cannot be added at this time due to capacity restrictions
NullPointerException - if the specified element is null

pop

public E pop()
Description copied from interface: Deque
Pops an element from the stack represented by this deque. In other words, removes and returns the first element of this deque.

This method is equivalent to Deque.removeFirst().

Specified by:
pop in interface Deque<E>
Returns:
the element at the front of this deque (which is the top of the stack represented by this deque)
Throws:
NoSuchElementException - if this deque is empty

remove

public boolean remove(Object o)
Removes the first occurrence of the specified element from this deque. If the deque does not contain the element, it is unchanged. More formally, removes the first element e such that o.equals(e) (if such an element exists). Returns true if this deque contained the specified element (or equivalently, if this deque changed as a result of the call).

This method is equivalent to removeFirstOccurrence.

Specified by:
remove in interface Collection<E>
Specified by:
remove in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Specified by:
remove in interface BlockingQueue<E>
Specified by:
remove in interface Deque<E>
Overrides:
remove in class AbstractCollection<E>
Parameters:
o - element to be removed from this deque, if present
Returns:
true if this deque changed as a result of the call

size

public int size()
Returns the number of elements in this deque.

Specified by:
size in interface Collection<E>
Specified by:
size in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Specified by:
size in interface Deque<E>
Specified by:
size in class AbstractCollection<E>
Returns:
the number of elements in this deque

contains

public boolean contains(Object o)
Returns true if this deque contains the specified element. More formally, returns true if and only if this deque contains at least one element e such that o.equals(e).

Specified by:
contains in interface Collection<E>
Specified by:
contains in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Specified by:
contains in interface BlockingQueue<E>
Specified by:
contains in interface Deque<E>
Overrides:
contains in class AbstractCollection<E>
Parameters:
o - object to be checked for containment in this deque
Returns:
true if this deque contains the specified element

toArray

public Object[] toArray()
Returns an array containing all of the elements in this deque, in proper sequence (from first to last element).

The returned array will be "safe" in that no references to it are maintained by this deque. (In other words, this method must allocate a new array). The caller is thus free to modify the returned array.

This method acts as bridge between array-based and collection-based APIs.

Specified by:
toArray in interface Collection<E>
Overrides:
toArray in class AbstractCollection<E>
Returns:
an array containing all of the elements in this deque

toArray

public <T> T[] toArray(T[] a)
Returns an array containing all of the elements in this deque, in proper sequence; the runtime type of the returned array is that of the specified array. If the deque fits in the specified array, it is returned therein. Otherwise, a new array is allocated with the runtime type of the specified array and the size of this deque.

If this deque fits in the specified array with room to spare (i.e., the array has more elements than this deque), the element in the array immediately following the end of the deque is set to null.

Like the toArray() method, this method acts as bridge between array-based and collection-based APIs. Further, this method allows precise control over the runtime type of the output array, and may, under certain circumstances, be used to save allocation costs.

Suppose x is a deque known to contain only strings. The following code can be used to dump the deque into a newly allocated array of String:

     String[] y = x.toArray(new String[0]);
Note that toArray(new Object[0]) is identical in function to toArray().

Specified by:
toArray in interface Collection<E>
Overrides:
toArray in class AbstractCollection<E>
Parameters:
a - the array into which the elements of the deque are to be stored, if it is big enough; otherwise, a new array of the same runtime type is allocated for this purpose
Returns:
an array containing all of the elements in this deque
Throws:
ArrayStoreException - if the runtime type of the specified array is not a supertype of the runtime type of every element in this deque
NullPointerException - if the specified array is null

toString

public String toString()
Description copied from class: AbstractCollection
Returns a string representation of this collection. The string representation consists of a list of the collection's elements in the order they are returned by its iterator, enclosed in square brackets ("[]"). Adjacent elements are separated by the characters ", " (comma and space). Elements are converted to strings as by String.valueOf(Object).

Overrides:
toString in class AbstractCollection<E>
Returns:
a string representation of this collection

clear

public void clear()
Atomically removes all of the elements from this deque. The deque will be empty after this call returns.

Specified by:
clear in interface Collection<E>
Overrides:
clear in class AbstractQueue<E>

iterator

public Iterator<E> iterator()
Returns an iterator over the elements in this deque in proper sequence. The elements will be returned in order from first (head) to last (tail). The returned Iterator is a "weakly consistent" iterator that will never throw ConcurrentModificationException, and guarantees to traverse elements as they existed upon construction of the iterator, and may (but is not guaranteed to) reflect any modifications subsequent to construction.

Specified by:
iterator in interface Iterable<E>
Specified by:
iterator in interface Collection<E>
Specified by:
iterator in interface BlockingDeque<E>
Specified by:
iterator in interface Deque<E>
Specified by:
iterator in class AbstractCollection<E>
Returns:
an iterator over the elements in this deque in proper sequence

descendingIterator

public Iterator<E> descendingIterator()
Returns an iterator over the elements in this deque in reverse sequential order. The elements will be returned in order from last (tail) to first (head). The returned Iterator is a "weakly consistent" iterator that will never throw ConcurrentModificationException, and guarantees to traverse elements as they existed upon construction of the iterator, and may (but is not guaranteed to) reflect any modifications subsequent to construction.

Specified by:
descendingIterator in interface Deque<E>
Returns:
an iterator over the elements in this deque in reverse sequence

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