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java.lang
Class Character

java.lang.Object
  extended by java.lang.Character
All Implemented Interfaces:
Serializable, Comparable<Character>

public final class Character
extends Object
implements Serializable, Comparable<Character>

The Character class wraps a value of the primitive type char in an object. An object of type Character contains a single field whose type is char.

In addition, this class provides several methods for determining a character's category (lowercase letter, digit, etc.) and for converting characters from uppercase to lowercase and vice versa.

Character information is based on the Unicode Standard, version 4.0.

The methods and data of class Character are defined by the information in the UnicodeData file that is part of the Unicode Character Database maintained by the Unicode Consortium. This file specifies various properties including name and general category for every defined Unicode code point or character range.

The file and its description are available from the Unicode Consortium at:

Unicode Character Representations

The char data type (and therefore the value that a Character object encapsulates) are based on the original Unicode specification, which defined characters as fixed-width 16-bit entities. The Unicode standard has since been changed to allow for characters whose representation requires more than 16 bits. The range of legal code points is now U+0000 to U+10FFFF, known as Unicode scalar value. (Refer to the definition of the U+n notation in the Unicode standard.)

The set of characters from U+0000 to U+FFFF is sometimes referred to as the Basic Multilingual Plane (BMP). Characters whose code points are greater than U+FFFF are called supplementary characters. The Java 2 platform uses the UTF-16 representation in char arrays and in the String and StringBuffer classes. In this representation, supplementary characters are represented as a pair of char values, the first from the high-surrogates range, (\uD800-\uDBFF), the second from the low-surrogates range (\uDC00-\uDFFF).

A char value, therefore, represents Basic Multilingual Plane (BMP) code points, including the surrogate code points, or code units of the UTF-16 encoding. An int value represents all Unicode code points, including supplementary code points. The lower (least significant) 21 bits of int are used to represent Unicode code points and the upper (most significant) 11 bits must be zero. Unless otherwise specified, the behavior with respect to supplementary characters and surrogate char values is as follows:

In the Java SE API documentation, Unicode code point is used for character values in the range between U+0000 and U+10FFFF, and Unicode code unit is used for 16-bit char values that are code units of the UTF-16 encoding. For more information on Unicode terminology, refer to the Unicode Glossary.

Since:
1.0
See Also:
Serialized Form

Nested Class Summary
static class Character.Subset
          Instances of this class represent particular subsets of the Unicode character set.
static class Character.UnicodeBlock
          A family of character subsets representing the character blocks in the Unicode specification.
 
Field Summary
static byte COMBINING_SPACING_MARK
          General category "Mc" in the Unicode specification.
static byte CONNECTOR_PUNCTUATION
          General category "Pc" in the Unicode specification.
static byte CONTROL
          General category "Cc" in the Unicode specification.
static byte CURRENCY_SYMBOL
          General category "Sc" in the Unicode specification.
static byte DASH_PUNCTUATION
          General category "Pd" in the Unicode specification.
static byte DECIMAL_DIGIT_NUMBER
          General category "Nd" in the Unicode specification.
static byte DIRECTIONALITY_ARABIC_NUMBER
          Weak bidirectional character type "AN" in the Unicode specification.
static byte DIRECTIONALITY_BOUNDARY_NEUTRAL
          Weak bidirectional character type "BN" in the Unicode specification.
static byte DIRECTIONALITY_COMMON_NUMBER_SEPARATOR
          Weak bidirectional character type "CS" in the Unicode specification.
static byte DIRECTIONALITY_EUROPEAN_NUMBER
          Weak bidirectional character type "EN" in the Unicode specification.
static byte DIRECTIONALITY_EUROPEAN_NUMBER_SEPARATOR
          Weak bidirectional character type "ES" in the Unicode specification.
static byte DIRECTIONALITY_EUROPEAN_NUMBER_TERMINATOR
          Weak bidirectional character type "ET" in the Unicode specification.
static byte DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT
          Strong bidirectional character type "L" in the Unicode specification.
static byte DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT_EMBEDDING
          Strong bidirectional character type "LRE" in the Unicode specification.
static byte DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT_OVERRIDE
          Strong bidirectional character type "LRO" in the Unicode specification.
static byte DIRECTIONALITY_NONSPACING_MARK
          Weak bidirectional character type "NSM" in the Unicode specification.
static byte DIRECTIONALITY_OTHER_NEUTRALS
          Neutral bidirectional character type "ON" in the Unicode specification.
static byte DIRECTIONALITY_PARAGRAPH_SEPARATOR
          Neutral bidirectional character type "B" in the Unicode specification.
static byte DIRECTIONALITY_POP_DIRECTIONAL_FORMAT
          Weak bidirectional character type "PDF" in the Unicode specification.
static byte DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT
          Strong bidirectional character type "R" in the Unicode specification.
static byte DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_ARABIC
          Strong bidirectional character type "AL" in the Unicode specification.
static byte DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_EMBEDDING
          Strong bidirectional character type "RLE" in the Unicode specification.
static byte DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_OVERRIDE
          Strong bidirectional character type "RLO" in the Unicode specification.
static byte DIRECTIONALITY_SEGMENT_SEPARATOR
          Neutral bidirectional character type "S" in the Unicode specification.
static byte DIRECTIONALITY_UNDEFINED
          Undefined bidirectional character type.
static byte DIRECTIONALITY_WHITESPACE
          Neutral bidirectional character type "WS" in the Unicode specification.
static byte ENCLOSING_MARK
          General category "Me" in the Unicode specification.
static byte END_PUNCTUATION
          General category "Pe" in the Unicode specification.
static byte FINAL_QUOTE_PUNCTUATION
          General category "Pf" in the Unicode specification.
static byte FORMAT
          General category "Cf" in the Unicode specification.
static byte INITIAL_QUOTE_PUNCTUATION
          General category "Pi" in the Unicode specification.
static byte LETTER_NUMBER
          General category "Nl" in the Unicode specification.
static byte LINE_SEPARATOR
          General category "Zl" in the Unicode specification.
static byte LOWERCASE_LETTER
          General category "Ll" in the Unicode specification.
static byte MATH_SYMBOL
          General category "Sm" in the Unicode specification.
static int MAX_CODE_POINT
          The maximum value of a Unicode code point.
static char MAX_HIGH_SURROGATE
          The maximum value of a Unicode high-surrogate code unit in the UTF-16 encoding.
static char MAX_LOW_SURROGATE
          The maximum value of a Unicode low-surrogate code unit in the UTF-16 encoding.
static int MAX_RADIX
          The maximum radix available for conversion to and from strings.
static char MAX_SURROGATE
          The maximum value of a Unicode surrogate code unit in the UTF-16 encoding.
static char MAX_VALUE
          The constant value of this field is the largest value of type char, '\uFFFF'.
static int MIN_CODE_POINT
          The minimum value of a Unicode code point.
static char MIN_HIGH_SURROGATE
          The minimum value of a Unicode high-surrogate code unit in the UTF-16 encoding.
static char MIN_LOW_SURROGATE
          The minimum value of a Unicode low-surrogate code unit in the UTF-16 encoding.
static int MIN_RADIX
          The minimum radix available for conversion to and from strings.
static int MIN_SUPPLEMENTARY_CODE_POINT
          The minimum value of a supplementary code point.
static char MIN_SURROGATE
          The minimum value of a Unicode surrogate code unit in the UTF-16 encoding.
static char MIN_VALUE
          The constant value of this field is the smallest value of type char, '\u0000'.
static byte MODIFIER_LETTER
          General category "Lm" in the Unicode specification.
static byte MODIFIER_SYMBOL
          General category "Sk" in the Unicode specification.
static byte NON_SPACING_MARK
          General category "Mn" in the Unicode specification.
static byte OTHER_LETTER
          General category "Lo" in the Unicode specification.
static byte OTHER_NUMBER
          General category "No" in the Unicode specification.
static byte OTHER_PUNCTUATION
          General category "Po" in the Unicode specification.
static byte OTHER_SYMBOL
          General category "So" in the Unicode specification.
static byte PARAGRAPH_SEPARATOR
          General category "Zp" in the Unicode specification.
static byte PRIVATE_USE
          General category "Co" in the Unicode specification.
static int SIZE
          The number of bits used to represent a char value in unsigned binary form.
static byte SPACE_SEPARATOR
          General category "Zs" in the Unicode specification.
static byte START_PUNCTUATION
          General category "Ps" in the Unicode specification.
static byte SURROGATE
          General category "Cs" in the Unicode specification.
static byte TITLECASE_LETTER
          General category "Lt" in the Unicode specification.
static Class<Character> TYPE
          The Class instance representing the primitive type char.
static byte UNASSIGNED
          General category "Cn" in the Unicode specification.
static byte UPPERCASE_LETTER
          General category "Lu" in the Unicode specification.
 
Constructor Summary
Character(char value)
          Constructs a newly allocated Character object that represents the specified char value.
 
Method Summary
static int charCount(int codePoint)
          Determines the number of char values needed to represent the specified character (Unicode code point).
 char charValue()
          Returns the value of this Character object.
static int codePointAt(char[] a, int index)
          Returns the code point at the given index of the char array.
static int codePointAt(char[] a, int index, int limit)
          Returns the code point at the given index of the char array, where only array elements with index less than limit can be used.
static int codePointAt(CharSequence seq, int index)
          Returns the code point at the given index of the CharSequence.
static int codePointBefore(char[] a, int index)
          Returns the code point preceding the given index of the char array.
static int codePointBefore(char[] a, int index, int start)
          Returns the code point preceding the given index of the char array, where only array elements with index greater than or equal to start can be used.
static int codePointBefore(CharSequence seq, int index)
          Returns the code point preceding the given index of the CharSequence.
static int codePointCount(char[] a, int offset, int count)
          Returns the number of Unicode code points in a subarray of the char array argument.
static int codePointCount(CharSequence seq, int beginIndex, int endIndex)
          Returns the number of Unicode code points in the text range of the specified char sequence.
 int compareTo(Character anotherCharacter)
          Compares two Character objects numerically.
static int digit(char ch, int radix)
          Returns the numeric value of the character ch in the specified radix.
static int digit(int codePoint, int radix)
          Returns the numeric value of the specified character (Unicode code point) in the specified radix.
 boolean equals(Object obj)
          Compares this object against the specified object.
static char forDigit(int digit, int radix)
          Determines the character representation for a specific digit in the specified radix.
static byte getDirectionality(char ch)
          Returns the Unicode directionality property for the given character.
static byte getDirectionality(int codePoint)
          Returns the Unicode directionality property for the given character (Unicode code point).
static int getNumericValue(char ch)
          Returns the int value that the specified Unicode character represents.
static int getNumericValue(int codePoint)
          Returns the int value that the specified character (Unicode code point) represents.
static int getType(char ch)
          Returns a value indicating a character's general category.
static int getType(int codePoint)
          Returns a value indicating a character's general category.
 int hashCode()
          Returns a hash code for this Character.
static boolean isDefined(char ch)
          Determines if a character is defined in Unicode.
static boolean isDefined(int codePoint)
          Determines if a character (Unicode code point) is defined in Unicode.
static boolean isDigit(char ch)
          Determines if the specified character is a digit.
static boolean isDigit(int codePoint)
          Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a digit.
static boolean isHighSurrogate(char ch)
          Determines if the given char value is a high-surrogate code unit (also known as leading-surrogate code unit).
static boolean isIdentifierIgnorable(char ch)
          Determines if the specified character should be regarded as an ignorable character in a Java identifier or a Unicode identifier.
static boolean isIdentifierIgnorable(int codePoint)
          Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) should be regarded as an ignorable character in a Java identifier or a Unicode identifier.
static boolean isISOControl(char ch)
          Determines if the specified character is an ISO control character.
static boolean isISOControl(int codePoint)
          Determines if the referenced character (Unicode code point) is an ISO control character.
static boolean isJavaIdentifierPart(char ch)
          Determines if the specified character may be part of a Java identifier as other than the first character.
static boolean isJavaIdentifierPart(int codePoint)
          Determines if the character (Unicode code point) may be part of a Java identifier as other than the first character.
static boolean isJavaIdentifierStart(char ch)
          Determines if the specified character is permissible as the first character in a Java identifier.
static boolean isJavaIdentifierStart(int codePoint)
          Determines if the character (Unicode code point) is permissible as the first character in a Java identifier.
static boolean isJavaLetter(char ch)
          Deprecated. Replaced by isJavaIdentifierStart(char).
static boolean isJavaLetterOrDigit(char ch)
          Deprecated. Replaced by isJavaIdentifierPart(char).
static boolean isLetter(char ch)
          Determines if the specified character is a letter.
static boolean isLetter(int codePoint)
          Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a letter.
static boolean isLetterOrDigit(char ch)
          Determines if the specified character is a letter or digit.
static boolean isLetterOrDigit(int codePoint)
          Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a letter or digit.
static boolean isLowerCase(char ch)
          Determines if the specified character is a lowercase character.
static boolean isLowerCase(int codePoint)
          Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a lowercase character.
static boolean isLowSurrogate(char ch)
          Determines if the given char value is a low-surrogate code unit (also known as trailing-surrogate code unit).
static boolean isMirrored(char ch)
          Determines whether the character is mirrored according to the Unicode specification.
static boolean isMirrored(int codePoint)
          Determines whether the specified character (Unicode code point) is mirrored according to the Unicode specification.
static boolean isSpace(char ch)
          Deprecated. Replaced by isWhitespace(char).
static boolean isSpaceChar(char ch)
          Determines if the specified character is a Unicode space character.
static boolean isSpaceChar(int codePoint)
          Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a Unicode space character.
static boolean isSupplementaryCodePoint(int codePoint)
          Determines whether the specified character (Unicode code point) is in the supplementary character range.
static boolean isSurrogatePair(char high, char low)
          Determines whether the specified pair of char values is a valid surrogate pair.
static boolean isTitleCase(char ch)
          Determines if the specified character is a titlecase character.
static boolean isTitleCase(int codePoint)
          Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a titlecase character.
static boolean isUnicodeIdentifierPart(char ch)
          Determines if the specified character may be part of a Unicode identifier as other than the first character.
static boolean isUnicodeIdentifierPart(int codePoint)
          Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) may be part of a Unicode identifier as other than the first character.
static boolean isUnicodeIdentifierStart(char ch)
          Determines if the specified character is permissible as the first character in a Unicode identifier.
static boolean isUnicodeIdentifierStart(int codePoint)
          Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is permissible as the first character in a Unicode identifier.
static boolean isUpperCase(char ch)
          Determines if the specified character is an uppercase character.
static boolean isUpperCase(int codePoint)
          Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is an uppercase character.
static boolean isValidCodePoint(int codePoint)
          Determines whether the specified code point is a valid Unicode code point value in the range of 0x0000 to 0x10FFFF inclusive.
static boolean isWhitespace(char ch)
          Determines if the specified character is white space according to Java.
static boolean isWhitespace(int codePoint)
          Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is white space according to Java.
static int offsetByCodePoints(char[] a, int start, int count, int index, int codePointOffset)
          Returns the index within the given char subarray that is offset from the given index by codePointOffset code points.
static int offsetByCodePoints(CharSequence seq, int index, int codePointOffset)
          Returns the index within the given char sequence that is offset from the given index by codePointOffset code points.
static char reverseBytes(char ch)
          Returns the value obtained by reversing the order of the bytes in the specified char value.
static char[] toChars(int codePoint)
          Converts the specified character (Unicode code point) to its UTF-16 representation stored in a char array.
static int toChars(int codePoint, char[] dst, int dstIndex)
          Converts the specified character (Unicode code point) to its UTF-16 representation.
static int toCodePoint(char high, char low)
          Converts the specified surrogate pair to its supplementary code point value.
static char toLowerCase(char ch)
          Converts the character argument to lowercase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file.
static int toLowerCase(int codePoint)
          Converts the character (Unicode code point) argument to lowercase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file.
 String toString()
          Returns a String object representing this Character's value.
static String toString(char c)
          Returns a String object representing the specified char.
static char toTitleCase(char ch)
          Converts the character argument to titlecase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file.
static int toTitleCase(int codePoint)
          Converts the character (Unicode code point) argument to titlecase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file.
static char toUpperCase(char ch)
          Converts the character argument to uppercase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file.
static int toUpperCase(int codePoint)
          Converts the character (Unicode code point) argument to uppercase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file.
static Character valueOf(char c)
          Returns a Character instance representing the specified char value.
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, finalize, getClass, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
 

Field Detail

MIN_RADIX

public static final int MIN_RADIX
The minimum radix available for conversion to and from strings. The constant value of this field is the smallest value permitted for the radix argument in radix-conversion methods such as the digit method, the forDigit method, and the toString method of class Integer.

See Also:
digit(char, int), forDigit(int, int), Integer.toString(int, int), Integer.valueOf(java.lang.String), Constant Field Values

MAX_RADIX

public static final int MAX_RADIX
The maximum radix available for conversion to and from strings. The constant value of this field is the largest value permitted for the radix argument in radix-conversion methods such as the digit method, the forDigit method, and the toString method of class Integer.

See Also:
digit(char, int), forDigit(int, int), Integer.toString(int, int), Integer.valueOf(java.lang.String), Constant Field Values

MIN_VALUE

public static final char MIN_VALUE
The constant value of this field is the smallest value of type char, '\u0000'.

Since:
1.0.2
See Also:
Constant Field Values

MAX_VALUE

public static final char MAX_VALUE
The constant value of this field is the largest value of type char, '\uFFFF'.

Since:
1.0.2
See Also:
Constant Field Values

TYPE

public static final Class<Character> TYPE
The Class instance representing the primitive type char.

Since:
1.1

UNASSIGNED

public static final byte UNASSIGNED
General category "Cn" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

UPPERCASE_LETTER

public static final byte UPPERCASE_LETTER
General category "Lu" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

LOWERCASE_LETTER

public static final byte LOWERCASE_LETTER
General category "Ll" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

TITLECASE_LETTER

public static final byte TITLECASE_LETTER
General category "Lt" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

MODIFIER_LETTER

public static final byte MODIFIER_LETTER
General category "Lm" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

OTHER_LETTER

public static final byte OTHER_LETTER
General category "Lo" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

NON_SPACING_MARK

public static final byte NON_SPACING_MARK
General category "Mn" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

ENCLOSING_MARK

public static final byte ENCLOSING_MARK
General category "Me" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

COMBINING_SPACING_MARK

public static final byte COMBINING_SPACING_MARK
General category "Mc" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DECIMAL_DIGIT_NUMBER

public static final byte DECIMAL_DIGIT_NUMBER
General category "Nd" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

LETTER_NUMBER

public static final byte LETTER_NUMBER
General category "Nl" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

OTHER_NUMBER

public static final byte OTHER_NUMBER
General category "No" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

SPACE_SEPARATOR

public static final byte SPACE_SEPARATOR
General category "Zs" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

LINE_SEPARATOR

public static final byte LINE_SEPARATOR
General category "Zl" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

PARAGRAPH_SEPARATOR

public static final byte PARAGRAPH_SEPARATOR
General category "Zp" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

CONTROL

public static final byte CONTROL
General category "Cc" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

FORMAT

public static final byte FORMAT
General category "Cf" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

PRIVATE_USE

public static final byte PRIVATE_USE
General category "Co" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

SURROGATE

public static final byte SURROGATE
General category "Cs" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DASH_PUNCTUATION

public static final byte DASH_PUNCTUATION
General category "Pd" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

START_PUNCTUATION

public static final byte START_PUNCTUATION
General category "Ps" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

END_PUNCTUATION

public static final byte END_PUNCTUATION
General category "Pe" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

CONNECTOR_PUNCTUATION

public static final byte CONNECTOR_PUNCTUATION
General category "Pc" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

OTHER_PUNCTUATION

public static final byte OTHER_PUNCTUATION
General category "Po" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

MATH_SYMBOL

public static final byte MATH_SYMBOL
General category "Sm" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

CURRENCY_SYMBOL

public static final byte CURRENCY_SYMBOL
General category "Sc" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

MODIFIER_SYMBOL

public static final byte MODIFIER_SYMBOL
General category "Sk" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

OTHER_SYMBOL

public static final byte OTHER_SYMBOL
General category "So" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Constant Field Values

INITIAL_QUOTE_PUNCTUATION

public static final byte INITIAL_QUOTE_PUNCTUATION
General category "Pi" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

FINAL_QUOTE_PUNCTUATION

public static final byte FINAL_QUOTE_PUNCTUATION
General category "Pf" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DIRECTIONALITY_UNDEFINED

public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_UNDEFINED
Undefined bidirectional character type. Undefined char values have undefined directionality in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT

public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT
Strong bidirectional character type "L" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT

public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT
Strong bidirectional character type "R" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_ARABIC

public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_ARABIC
Strong bidirectional character type "AL" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DIRECTIONALITY_EUROPEAN_NUMBER

public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_EUROPEAN_NUMBER
Weak bidirectional character type "EN" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DIRECTIONALITY_EUROPEAN_NUMBER_SEPARATOR

public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_EUROPEAN_NUMBER_SEPARATOR
Weak bidirectional character type "ES" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DIRECTIONALITY_EUROPEAN_NUMBER_TERMINATOR

public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_EUROPEAN_NUMBER_TERMINATOR
Weak bidirectional character type "ET" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DIRECTIONALITY_ARABIC_NUMBER

public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_ARABIC_NUMBER
Weak bidirectional character type "AN" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DIRECTIONALITY_COMMON_NUMBER_SEPARATOR

public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_COMMON_NUMBER_SEPARATOR
Weak bidirectional character type "CS" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DIRECTIONALITY_NONSPACING_MARK

public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_NONSPACING_MARK
Weak bidirectional character type "NSM" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DIRECTIONALITY_BOUNDARY_NEUTRAL

public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_BOUNDARY_NEUTRAL
Weak bidirectional character type "BN" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DIRECTIONALITY_PARAGRAPH_SEPARATOR

public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_PARAGRAPH_SEPARATOR
Neutral bidirectional character type "B" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DIRECTIONALITY_SEGMENT_SEPARATOR

public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_SEGMENT_SEPARATOR
Neutral bidirectional character type "S" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DIRECTIONALITY_WHITESPACE

public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_WHITESPACE
Neutral bidirectional character type "WS" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DIRECTIONALITY_OTHER_NEUTRALS

public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_OTHER_NEUTRALS
Neutral bidirectional character type "ON" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT_EMBEDDING

public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT_EMBEDDING
Strong bidirectional character type "LRE" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT_OVERRIDE

public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT_OVERRIDE
Strong bidirectional character type "LRO" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_EMBEDDING

public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_EMBEDDING
Strong bidirectional character type "RLE" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_OVERRIDE

public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_OVERRIDE
Strong bidirectional character type "RLO" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

DIRECTIONALITY_POP_DIRECTIONAL_FORMAT

public static final byte DIRECTIONALITY_POP_DIRECTIONAL_FORMAT
Weak bidirectional character type "PDF" in the Unicode specification.

Since:
1.4
See Also:
Constant Field Values

MIN_HIGH_SURROGATE

public static final char MIN_HIGH_SURROGATE
The minimum value of a Unicode high-surrogate code unit in the UTF-16 encoding. A high-surrogate is also known as a leading-surrogate.

Since:
1.5
See Also:
Constant Field Values

MAX_HIGH_SURROGATE

public static final char MAX_HIGH_SURROGATE
The maximum value of a Unicode high-surrogate code unit in the UTF-16 encoding. A high-surrogate is also known as a leading-surrogate.

Since:
1.5
See Also:
Constant Field Values

MIN_LOW_SURROGATE

public static final char MIN_LOW_SURROGATE
The minimum value of a Unicode low-surrogate code unit in the UTF-16 encoding. A low-surrogate is also known as a trailing-surrogate.

Since:
1.5
See Also:
Constant Field Values

MAX_LOW_SURROGATE

public static final char MAX_LOW_SURROGATE
The maximum value of a Unicode low-surrogate code unit in the UTF-16 encoding. A low-surrogate is also known as a trailing-surrogate.

Since:
1.5
See Also:
Constant Field Values

MIN_SURROGATE

public static final char MIN_SURROGATE
The minimum value of a Unicode surrogate code unit in the UTF-16 encoding.

Since:
1.5
See Also:
Constant Field Values

MAX_SURROGATE

public static final char MAX_SURROGATE
The maximum value of a Unicode surrogate code unit in the UTF-16 encoding.

Since:
1.5
See Also:
Constant Field Values

MIN_SUPPLEMENTARY_CODE_POINT

public static final int MIN_SUPPLEMENTARY_CODE_POINT
The minimum value of a supplementary code point.

Since:
1.5
See Also:
Constant Field Values

MIN_CODE_POINT

public static final int MIN_CODE_POINT
The minimum value of a Unicode code point.

Since:
1.5
See Also:
Constant Field Values

MAX_CODE_POINT

public static final int MAX_CODE_POINT
The maximum value of a Unicode code point.

Since:
1.5
See Also:
Constant Field Values

SIZE

public static final int SIZE
The number of bits used to represent a char value in unsigned binary form.

Since:
1.5
See Also:
Constant Field Values
Constructor Detail

Character

public Character(char value)
Constructs a newly allocated Character object that represents the specified char value.

Parameters:
value - the value to be represented by the Character object.
Method Detail

valueOf

public static Character valueOf(char c)
Returns a Character instance representing the specified char value. If a new Character instance is not required, this method should generally be used in preference to the constructor Character(char), as this method is likely to yield significantly better space and time performance by caching frequently requested values.

Parameters:
c - a char value.
Returns:
a Character instance representing c.
Since:
1.5

charValue

public char charValue()
Returns the value of this Character object.

Returns:
the primitive char value represented by this object.

hashCode

public int hashCode()
Returns a hash code for this Character.

Overrides:
hashCode in class Object
Returns:
a hash code value for this object.

equals

public boolean equals(Object obj)
Compares this object against the specified object. The result is true if and only if the argument is not null and is a Character object that represents the same char value as this object.

Overrides:
equals in class Object
Parameters:
obj - the object to compare with.
Returns:
true if the objects are the same; false otherwise.

toString

public String toString()
Returns a String object representing this Character's value. The result is a string of length 1 whose sole component is the primitive char value represented by this Character object.

Overrides:
toString in class Object
Returns:
a string representation of this object.

toString

public static String toString(char c)
Returns a String object representing the specified char. The result is a string of length 1 consisting solely of the specified char.

Parameters:
c - the char to be converted
Returns:
the string representation of the specified char
Since:
1.4

isValidCodePoint

public static boolean isValidCodePoint(int codePoint)
Determines whether the specified code point is a valid Unicode code point value in the range of 0x0000 to 0x10FFFF inclusive. This method is equivalent to the expression:
 codePoint >= 0x0000 && codePoint <= 0x10FFFF
 

Parameters:
codePoint - the Unicode code point to be tested
Returns:
true if the specified code point value is a valid code point value; false otherwise.
Since:
1.5

isSupplementaryCodePoint

public static boolean isSupplementaryCodePoint(int codePoint)
Determines whether the specified character (Unicode code point) is in the supplementary character range. The method call is equivalent to the expression:
 codePoint >= 0x10000 && codePoint <= 0x10FFFF
 

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested
Returns:
true if the specified character is in the Unicode supplementary character range; false otherwise.
Since:
1.5

isHighSurrogate

public static boolean isHighSurrogate(char ch)
Determines if the given char value is a high-surrogate code unit (also known as leading-surrogate code unit). Such values do not represent characters by themselves, but are used in the representation of supplementary characters in the UTF-16 encoding.

This method returns true if and only if

ch >= '\uD800' && ch <= '\uDBFF'
 
is true.

Parameters:
ch - the char value to be tested.
Returns:
true if the char value is between '\uD800' and '\uDBFF' inclusive; false otherwise.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
isLowSurrogate(char), Character.UnicodeBlock.of(int)

isLowSurrogate

public static boolean isLowSurrogate(char ch)
Determines if the given char value is a low-surrogate code unit (also known as trailing-surrogate code unit). Such values do not represent characters by themselves, but are used in the representation of supplementary characters in the UTF-16 encoding.

This method returns true if and only if

ch >= '\uDC00' && ch <= '\uDFFF'
 
is true.

Parameters:
ch - the char value to be tested.
Returns:
true if the char value is between '\uDC00' and '\uDFFF' inclusive; false otherwise.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
isHighSurrogate(char)

isSurrogatePair

public static boolean isSurrogatePair(char high,
                                      char low)
Determines whether the specified pair of char values is a valid surrogate pair. This method is equivalent to the expression:
 isHighSurrogate(high) && isLowSurrogate(low)
 

Parameters:
high - the high-surrogate code value to be tested
low - the low-surrogate code value to be tested
Returns:
true if the specified high and low-surrogate code values represent a valid surrogate pair; false otherwise.
Since:
1.5

charCount

public static int charCount(int codePoint)
Determines the number of char values needed to represent the specified character (Unicode code point). If the specified character is equal to or greater than 0x10000, then the method returns 2. Otherwise, the method returns 1.

This method doesn't validate the specified character to be a valid Unicode code point. The caller must validate the character value using isValidCodePoint if necessary.

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
Returns:
2 if the character is a valid supplementary character; 1 otherwise.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
isSupplementaryCodePoint(int)

toCodePoint

public static int toCodePoint(char high,
                              char low)
Converts the specified surrogate pair to its supplementary code point value. This method does not validate the specified surrogate pair. The caller must validate it using isSurrogatePair if necessary.

Parameters:
high - the high-surrogate code unit
low - the low-surrogate code unit
Returns:
the supplementary code point composed from the specified surrogate pair.
Since:
1.5

codePointAt

public static int codePointAt(CharSequence seq,
                              int index)
Returns the code point at the given index of the CharSequence. If the char value at the given index in the CharSequence is in the high-surrogate range, the following index is less than the length of the CharSequence, and the char value at the following index is in the low-surrogate range, then the supplementary code point corresponding to this surrogate pair is returned. Otherwise, the char value at the given index is returned.

Parameters:
seq - a sequence of char values (Unicode code units)
index - the index to the char values (Unicode code units) in seq to be converted
Returns:
the Unicode code point at the given index
Throws:
NullPointerException - if seq is null.
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the value index is negative or not less than seq.length().
Since:
1.5

codePointAt

public static int codePointAt(char[] a,
                              int index)
Returns the code point at the given index of the char array. If the char value at the given index in the char array is in the high-surrogate range, the following index is less than the length of the char array, and the char value at the following index is in the low-surrogate range, then the supplementary code point corresponding to this surrogate pair is returned. Otherwise, the char value at the given index is returned.

Parameters:
a - the char array
index - the index to the char values (Unicode code units) in the char array to be converted
Returns:
the Unicode code point at the given index
Throws:
NullPointerException - if a is null.
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the value index is negative or not less than the length of the char array.
Since:
1.5

codePointAt

public static int codePointAt(char[] a,
                              int index,
                              int limit)
Returns the code point at the given index of the char array, where only array elements with index less than limit can be used. If the char value at the given index in the char array is in the high-surrogate range, the following index is less than the limit, and the char value at the following index is in the low-surrogate range, then the supplementary code point corresponding to this surrogate pair is returned. Otherwise, the char value at the given index is returned.

Parameters:
a - the char array
index - the index to the char values (Unicode code units) in the char array to be converted
limit - the index after the last array element that can be used in the char array
Returns:
the Unicode code point at the given index
Throws:
NullPointerException - if a is null.
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the index argument is negative or not less than the limit argument, or if the limit argument is negative or greater than the length of the char array.
Since:
1.5

codePointBefore

public static int codePointBefore(CharSequence seq,
                                  int index)
Returns the code point preceding the given index of the CharSequence. If the char value at (index - 1) in the CharSequence is in the low-surrogate range, (index - 2) is not negative, and the char value at (index - 2) in the CharSequence is in the high-surrogate range, then the supplementary code point corresponding to this surrogate pair is returned. Otherwise, the char value at (index - 1) is returned.

Parameters:
seq - the CharSequence instance
index - the index following the code point that should be returned
Returns:
the Unicode code point value before the given index.
Throws:
NullPointerException - if seq is null.
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the index argument is less than 1 or greater than seq.length().
Since:
1.5

codePointBefore

public static int codePointBefore(char[] a,
                                  int index)
Returns the code point preceding the given index of the char array. If the char value at (index - 1) in the char array is in the low-surrogate range, (index - 2) is not negative, and the char value at (index - 2) in the char array is in the high-surrogate range, then the supplementary code point corresponding to this surrogate pair is returned. Otherwise, the char value at (index - 1) is returned.

Parameters:
a - the char array
index - the index following the code point that should be returned
Returns:
the Unicode code point value before the given index.
Throws:
NullPointerException - if a is null.
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the index argument is less than 1 or greater than the length of the char array
Since:
1.5

codePointBefore

public static int codePointBefore(char[] a,
                                  int index,
                                  int start)
Returns the code point preceding the given index of the char array, where only array elements with index greater than or equal to start can be used. If the char value at (index - 1) in the char array is in the low-surrogate range, (index - 2) is not less than start, and the char value at (index - 2) in the char array is in the high-surrogate range, then the supplementary code point corresponding to this surrogate pair is returned. Otherwise, the char value at (index - 1) is returned.

Parameters:
a - the char array
index - the index following the code point that should be returned
start - the index of the first array element in the char array
Returns:
the Unicode code point value before the given index.
Throws:
NullPointerException - if a is null.
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the index argument is not greater than the start argument or is greater than the length of the char array, or if the start argument is negative or not less than the length of the char array.
Since:
1.5

toChars

public static int toChars(int codePoint,
                          char[] dst,
                          int dstIndex)
Converts the specified character (Unicode code point) to its UTF-16 representation. If the specified code point is a BMP (Basic Multilingual Plane or Plane 0) value, the same value is stored in dst[dstIndex], and 1 is returned. If the specified code point is a supplementary character, its surrogate values are stored in dst[dstIndex] (high-surrogate) and dst[dstIndex+1] (low-surrogate), and 2 is returned.

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be converted.
dst - an array of char in which the codePoint's UTF-16 value is stored.
dstIndex - the start index into the dst array where the converted value is stored.
Returns:
1 if the code point is a BMP code point, 2 if the code point is a supplementary code point.
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if the specified codePoint is not a valid Unicode code point.
NullPointerException - if the specified dst is null.
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if dstIndex is negative or not less than dst.length, or if dst at dstIndex doesn't have enough array element(s) to store the resulting char value(s). (If dstIndex is equal to dst.length-1 and the specified codePoint is a supplementary character, the high-surrogate value is not stored in dst[dstIndex].)
Since:
1.5

toChars

public static char[] toChars(int codePoint)
Converts the specified character (Unicode code point) to its UTF-16 representation stored in a char array. If the specified code point is a BMP (Basic Multilingual Plane or Plane 0) value, the resulting char array has the same value as codePoint. If the specified code point is a supplementary code point, the resulting char array has the corresponding surrogate pair.

Parameters:
codePoint - a Unicode code point
Returns:
a char array having codePoint's UTF-16 representation.
Throws:
IllegalArgumentException - if the specified codePoint is not a valid Unicode code point.
Since:
1.5

codePointCount

public static int codePointCount(CharSequence seq,
                                 int beginIndex,
                                 int endIndex)
Returns the number of Unicode code points in the text range of the specified char sequence. The text range begins at the specified beginIndex and extends to the char at index endIndex - 1. Thus the length (in chars) of the text range is endIndex-beginIndex. Unpaired surrogates within the text range count as one code point each.

Parameters:
seq - the char sequence
beginIndex - the index to the first char of the text range.
endIndex - the index after the last char of the text range.
Returns:
the number of Unicode code points in the specified text range
Throws:
NullPointerException - if seq is null.
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the beginIndex is negative, or endIndex is larger than the length of the given sequence, or beginIndex is larger than endIndex.
Since:
1.5

codePointCount

public static int codePointCount(char[] a,
                                 int offset,
                                 int count)
Returns the number of Unicode code points in a subarray of the char array argument. The offset argument is the index of the first char of the subarray and the count argument specifies the length of the subarray in chars. Unpaired surrogates within the subarray count as one code point each.

Parameters:
a - the char array
offset - the index of the first char in the given char array
count - the length of the subarray in chars
Returns:
the number of Unicode code points in the specified subarray
Throws:
NullPointerException - if a is null.
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if offset or count is negative, or if offset + count is larger than the length of the given array.
Since:
1.5

offsetByCodePoints

public static int offsetByCodePoints(CharSequence seq,
                                     int index,
                                     int codePointOffset)
Returns the index within the given char sequence that is offset from the given index by codePointOffset code points. Unpaired surrogates within the text range given by index and codePointOffset count as one code point each.

Parameters:
seq - the char sequence
index - the index to be offset
codePointOffset - the offset in code points
Returns:
the index within the char sequence
Throws:
NullPointerException - if seq is null.
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if index is negative or larger then the length of the char sequence, or if codePointOffset is positive and the subsequence starting with index has fewer than codePointOffset code points, or if codePointOffset is negative and the subsequence before index has fewer than the absolute value of codePointOffset code points.
Since:
1.5

offsetByCodePoints

public static int offsetByCodePoints(char[] a,
                                     int start,
                                     int count,
                                     int index,
                                     int codePointOffset)
Returns the index within the given char subarray that is offset from the given index by codePointOffset code points. The start and count arguments specify a subarray of the char array. Unpaired surrogates within the text range given by index and codePointOffset count as one code point each.

Parameters:
a - the char array
start - the index of the first char of the subarray
count - the length of the subarray in chars
index - the index to be offset
codePointOffset - the offset in code points
Returns:
the index within the subarray
Throws:
NullPointerException - if a is null.
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if start or count is negative, or if start + count is larger than the length of the given array, or if index is less than start or larger then start + count, or if codePointOffset is positive and the text range starting with index and ending with start + count - 1 has fewer than codePointOffset code points, or if codePointOffset is negative and the text range starting with start and ending with index - 1 has fewer than the absolute value of codePointOffset code points.
Since:
1.5

isLowerCase

public static boolean isLowerCase(char ch)
Determines if the specified character is a lowercase character.

A character is lowercase if its general category type, provided by Character.getType(ch), is LOWERCASE_LETTER.

The following are examples of lowercase characters:

 a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
 '\u00DF' '\u00E0' '\u00E1' '\u00E2' '\u00E3' '\u00E4' '\u00E5' '\u00E6'
 '\u00E7' '\u00E8' '\u00E9' '\u00EA' '\u00EB' '\u00EC' '\u00ED' '\u00EE'
 '\u00EF' '\u00F0' '\u00F1' '\u00F2' '\u00F3' '\u00F4' '\u00F5' '\u00F6'
 '\u00F8' '\u00F9' '\u00FA' '\u00FB' '\u00FC' '\u00FD' '\u00FE' '\u00FF'
 

Many other Unicode characters are lowercase too.

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isLowerCase(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - the character to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is lowercase; false otherwise.
See Also:
isLowerCase(char), isTitleCase(char), toLowerCase(char), getType(char)

isLowerCase

public static boolean isLowerCase(int codePoint)
Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a lowercase character.

A character is lowercase if its general category type, provided by getType(codePoint), is LOWERCASE_LETTER.

The following are examples of lowercase characters:

 a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
 '\u00DF' '\u00E0' '\u00E1' '\u00E2' '\u00E3' '\u00E4' '\u00E5' '\u00E6'
 '\u00E7' '\u00E8' '\u00E9' '\u00EA' '\u00EB' '\u00EC' '\u00ED' '\u00EE'
 '\u00EF' '\u00F0' '\u00F1' '\u00F2' '\u00F3' '\u00F4' '\u00F5' '\u00F6'
 '\u00F8' '\u00F9' '\u00FA' '\u00FB' '\u00FC' '\u00FD' '\u00FE' '\u00FF'
 

Many other Unicode characters are lowercase too.

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is lowercase; false otherwise.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
isLowerCase(int), isTitleCase(int), toLowerCase(int), getType(int)

isUpperCase

public static boolean isUpperCase(char ch)
Determines if the specified character is an uppercase character.

A character is uppercase if its general category type, provided by Character.getType(ch), is UPPERCASE_LETTER.

The following are examples of uppercase characters:

 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 '\u00C0' '\u00C1' '\u00C2' '\u00C3' '\u00C4' '\u00C5' '\u00C6' '\u00C7'
 '\u00C8' '\u00C9' '\u00CA' '\u00CB' '\u00CC' '\u00CD' '\u00CE' '\u00CF'
 '\u00D0' '\u00D1' '\u00D2' '\u00D3' '\u00D4' '\u00D5' '\u00D6' '\u00D8'
 '\u00D9' '\u00DA' '\u00DB' '\u00DC' '\u00DD' '\u00DE'
 

Many other Unicode characters are uppercase too.

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isUpperCase(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - the character to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is uppercase; false otherwise.
Since:
1.0
See Also:
isLowerCase(char), isTitleCase(char), toUpperCase(char), getType(char)

isUpperCase

public static boolean isUpperCase(int codePoint)
Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is an uppercase character.

A character is uppercase if its general category type, provided by getType(codePoint), is UPPERCASE_LETTER.

The following are examples of uppercase characters:

 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 '\u00C0' '\u00C1' '\u00C2' '\u00C3' '\u00C4' '\u00C5' '\u00C6' '\u00C7'
 '\u00C8' '\u00C9' '\u00CA' '\u00CB' '\u00CC' '\u00CD' '\u00CE' '\u00CF'
 '\u00D0' '\u00D1' '\u00D2' '\u00D3' '\u00D4' '\u00D5' '\u00D6' '\u00D8'
 '\u00D9' '\u00DA' '\u00DB' '\u00DC' '\u00DD' '\u00DE'
 

Many other Unicode characters are uppercase too.

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is uppercase; false otherwise.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
isLowerCase(int), isTitleCase(int), toUpperCase(int), getType(int)

isTitleCase

public static boolean isTitleCase(char ch)
Determines if the specified character is a titlecase character.

A character is a titlecase character if its general category type, provided by Character.getType(ch), is TITLECASE_LETTER.

Some characters look like pairs of Latin letters. For example, there is an uppercase letter that looks like "LJ" and has a corresponding lowercase letter that looks like "lj". A third form, which looks like "Lj", is the appropriate form to use when rendering a word in lowercase with initial capitals, as for a book title.

These are some of the Unicode characters for which this method returns true:

Many other Unicode characters are titlecase too.

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isTitleCase(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - the character to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is titlecase; false otherwise.
Since:
1.0.2
See Also:
isLowerCase(char), isUpperCase(char), toTitleCase(char), getType(char)

isTitleCase

public static boolean isTitleCase(int codePoint)
Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a titlecase character.

A character is a titlecase character if its general category type, provided by getType(codePoint), is TITLECASE_LETTER.

Some characters look like pairs of Latin letters. For example, there is an uppercase letter that looks like "LJ" and has a corresponding lowercase letter that looks like "lj". A third form, which looks like "Lj", is the appropriate form to use when rendering a word in lowercase with initial capitals, as for a book title.

These are some of the Unicode characters for which this method returns true:

Many other Unicode characters are titlecase too.

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is titlecase; false otherwise.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
isLowerCase(int), isUpperCase(int), toTitleCase(int), getType(int)

isDigit

public static boolean isDigit(char ch)
Determines if the specified character is a digit.

A character is a digit if its general category type, provided by Character.getType(ch), is DECIMAL_DIGIT_NUMBER.

Some Unicode character ranges that contain digits:

Many other character ranges contain digits as well.

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isDigit(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - the character to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is a digit; false otherwise.
See Also:
digit(char, int), forDigit(int, int), getType(char)

isDigit

public static boolean isDigit(int codePoint)
Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a digit.

A character is a digit if its general category type, provided by getType(codePoint), is DECIMAL_DIGIT_NUMBER.

Some Unicode character ranges that contain digits:

Many other character ranges contain digits as well.

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is a digit; false otherwise.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
forDigit(int, int), getType(int)

isDefined

public static boolean isDefined(char ch)
Determines if a character is defined in Unicode.

A character is defined if at least one of the following is true:

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isDefined(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - the character to be tested
Returns:
true if the character has a defined meaning in Unicode; false otherwise.
Since:
1.0.2
See Also:
isDigit(char), isLetter(char), isLetterOrDigit(char), isLowerCase(char), isTitleCase(char), isUpperCase(char)

isDefined

public static boolean isDefined(int codePoint)
Determines if a character (Unicode code point) is defined in Unicode.

A character is defined if at least one of the following is true:

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character has a defined meaning in Unicode; false otherwise.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
isDigit(int), isLetter(int), isLetterOrDigit(int), isLowerCase(int), isTitleCase(int), isUpperCase(int)

isLetter

public static boolean isLetter(char ch)
Determines if the specified character is a letter.

A character is considered to be a letter if its general category type, provided by Character.getType(ch), is any of the following:

Not all letters have case. Many characters are letters but are neither uppercase nor lowercase nor titlecase.

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isLetter(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - the character to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is a letter; false otherwise.
See Also:
isDigit(char), isJavaIdentifierStart(char), isJavaLetter(char), isJavaLetterOrDigit(char), isLetterOrDigit(char), isLowerCase(char), isTitleCase(char), isUnicodeIdentifierStart(char), isUpperCase(char)

isLetter

public static boolean isLetter(int codePoint)
Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a letter.

A character is considered to be a letter if its general category type, provided by getType(codePoint), is any of the following:

Not all letters have case. Many characters are letters but are neither uppercase nor lowercase nor titlecase.

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is a letter; false otherwise.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
isDigit(int), isJavaIdentifierStart(int), isLetterOrDigit(int), isLowerCase(int), isTitleCase(int), isUnicodeIdentifierStart(int), isUpperCase(int)

isLetterOrDigit

public static boolean isLetterOrDigit(char ch)
Determines if the specified character is a letter or digit.

A character is considered to be a letter or digit if either Character.isLetter(char ch) or Character.isDigit(char ch) returns true for the character.

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isLetterOrDigit(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - the character to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is a letter or digit; false otherwise.
Since:
1.0.2
See Also:
isDigit(char), isJavaIdentifierPart(char), isJavaLetter(char), isJavaLetterOrDigit(char), isLetter(char), isUnicodeIdentifierPart(char)

isLetterOrDigit

public static boolean isLetterOrDigit(int codePoint)
Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a letter or digit.

A character is considered to be a letter or digit if either isLetter(codePoint) or isDigit(codePoint) returns true for the character.

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is a letter or digit; false otherwise.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
isDigit(int), isJavaIdentifierPart(int), isLetter(int), isUnicodeIdentifierPart(int)

isJavaLetter

@Deprecated
public static boolean isJavaLetter(char ch)
Deprecated. Replaced by isJavaIdentifierStart(char).

Determines if the specified character is permissible as the first character in a Java identifier.

A character may start a Java identifier if and only if one of the following is true:

Parameters:
ch - the character to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character may start a Java identifier; false otherwise.
Since:
1.02
See Also:
isJavaLetterOrDigit(char), isJavaIdentifierStart(char), isJavaIdentifierPart(char), isLetter(char), isLetterOrDigit(char), isUnicodeIdentifierStart(char)

isJavaLetterOrDigit

@Deprecated
public static boolean isJavaLetterOrDigit(char ch)
Deprecated. Replaced by isJavaIdentifierPart(char).

Determines if the specified character may be part of a Java identifier as other than the first character.

A character may be part of a Java identifier if and only if any of the following are true:

Parameters:
ch - the character to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character may be part of a Java identifier; false otherwise.
Since:
1.02
See Also:
isJavaLetter(char), isJavaIdentifierStart(char), isJavaIdentifierPart(char), isLetter(char), isLetterOrDigit(char), isUnicodeIdentifierPart(char), isIdentifierIgnorable(char)

isJavaIdentifierStart

public static boolean isJavaIdentifierStart(char ch)
Determines if the specified character is permissible as the first character in a Java identifier.

A character may start a Java identifier if and only if one of the following conditions is true:

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isJavaIdentifierStart(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - the character to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character may start a Java identifier; false otherwise.
Since:
1.1
See Also:
isJavaIdentifierPart(char), isLetter(char), isUnicodeIdentifierStart(char), SourceVersion.isIdentifier(CharSequence)

isJavaIdentifierStart

public static boolean isJavaIdentifierStart(int codePoint)
Determines if the character (Unicode code point) is permissible as the first character in a Java identifier.

A character may start a Java identifier if and only if one of the following conditions is true:

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character may start a Java identifier; false otherwise.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
isJavaIdentifierPart(int), isLetter(int), isUnicodeIdentifierStart(int), SourceVersion.isIdentifier(CharSequence)

isJavaIdentifierPart

public static boolean isJavaIdentifierPart(char ch)
Determines if the specified character may be part of a Java identifier as other than the first character.

A character may be part of a Java identifier if any of the following are true:

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isJavaIdentifierPart(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - the character to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character may be part of a Java identifier; false otherwise.
Since:
1.1
See Also:
isIdentifierIgnorable(char), isJavaIdentifierStart(char), isLetterOrDigit(char), isUnicodeIdentifierPart(char), SourceVersion.isIdentifier(CharSequence)

isJavaIdentifierPart

public static boolean isJavaIdentifierPart(int codePoint)
Determines if the character (Unicode code point) may be part of a Java identifier as other than the first character.

A character may be part of a Java identifier if any of the following are true:

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character may be part of a Java identifier; false otherwise.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
isIdentifierIgnorable(int), isJavaIdentifierStart(int), isLetterOrDigit(int), isUnicodeIdentifierPart(int), SourceVersion.isIdentifier(CharSequence)

isUnicodeIdentifierStart

public static boolean isUnicodeIdentifierStart(char ch)
Determines if the specified character is permissible as the first character in a Unicode identifier.

A character may start a Unicode identifier if and only if one of the following conditions is true:

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isUnicodeIdentifierStart(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - the character to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character may start a Unicode identifier; false otherwise.
Since:
1.1
See Also:
isJavaIdentifierStart(char), isLetter(char), isUnicodeIdentifierPart(char)

isUnicodeIdentifierStart

public static boolean isUnicodeIdentifierStart(int codePoint)
Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is permissible as the first character in a Unicode identifier.

A character may start a Unicode identifier if and only if one of the following conditions is true:

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character may start a Unicode identifier; false otherwise.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
isJavaIdentifierStart(int), isLetter(int), isUnicodeIdentifierPart(int)

isUnicodeIdentifierPart

public static boolean isUnicodeIdentifierPart(char ch)
Determines if the specified character may be part of a Unicode identifier as other than the first character.

A character may be part of a Unicode identifier if and only if one of the following statements is true:

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isUnicodeIdentifierPart(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - the character to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character may be part of a Unicode identifier; false otherwise.
Since:
1.1
See Also:
isIdentifierIgnorable(char), isJavaIdentifierPart(char), isLetterOrDigit(char), isUnicodeIdentifierStart(char)

isUnicodeIdentifierPart

public static boolean isUnicodeIdentifierPart(int codePoint)
Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) may be part of a Unicode identifier as other than the first character.

A character may be part of a Unicode identifier if and only if one of the following statements is true:

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character may be part of a Unicode identifier; false otherwise.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
isIdentifierIgnorable(int), isJavaIdentifierPart(int), isLetterOrDigit(int), isUnicodeIdentifierStart(int)

isIdentifierIgnorable

public static boolean isIdentifierIgnorable(char ch)
Determines if the specified character should be regarded as an ignorable character in a Java identifier or a Unicode identifier.

The following Unicode characters are ignorable in a Java identifier or a Unicode identifier:

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isIdentifierIgnorable(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - the character to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is an ignorable control character that may be part of a Java or Unicode identifier; false otherwise.
Since:
1.1
See Also:
isJavaIdentifierPart(char), isUnicodeIdentifierPart(char)

isIdentifierIgnorable

public static boolean isIdentifierIgnorable(int codePoint)
Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) should be regarded as an ignorable character in a Java identifier or a Unicode identifier.

The following Unicode characters are ignorable in a Java identifier or a Unicode identifier:

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is an ignorable control character that may be part of a Java or Unicode identifier; false otherwise.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
isJavaIdentifierPart(int), isUnicodeIdentifierPart(int)

toLowerCase

public static char toLowerCase(char ch)
Converts the character argument to lowercase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file.

Note that Character.isLowerCase(Character.toLowerCase(ch)) does not always return true for some ranges of characters, particularly those that are symbols or ideographs.

In general, String.toLowerCase() should be used to map characters to lowercase. String case mapping methods have several benefits over Character case mapping methods. String case mapping methods can perform locale-sensitive mappings, context-sensitive mappings, and 1:M character mappings, whereas the Character case mapping methods cannot.

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the toLowerCase(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - the character to be converted.
Returns:
the lowercase equivalent of the character, if any; otherwise, the character itself.
See Also:
isLowerCase(char), String.toLowerCase()

toLowerCase

public static int toLowerCase(int codePoint)
Converts the character (Unicode code point) argument to lowercase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file.

Note that Character.isLowerCase(Character.toLowerCase(codePoint)) does not always return true for some ranges of characters, particularly those that are symbols or ideographs.

In general, String.toLowerCase() should be used to map characters to lowercase. String case mapping methods have several benefits over Character case mapping methods. String case mapping methods can perform locale-sensitive mappings, context-sensitive mappings, and 1:M character mappings, whereas the Character case mapping methods cannot.

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be converted.
Returns:
the lowercase equivalent of the character (Unicode code point), if any; otherwise, the character itself.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
isLowerCase(int), String.toLowerCase()

toUpperCase

public static char toUpperCase(char ch)
Converts the character argument to uppercase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file.

Note that Character.isUpperCase(Character.toUpperCase(ch)) does not always return true for some ranges of characters, particularly those that are symbols or ideographs.

In general, String.toUpperCase() should be used to map characters to uppercase. String case mapping methods have several benefits over Character case mapping methods. String case mapping methods can perform locale-sensitive mappings, context-sensitive mappings, and 1:M character mappings, whereas the Character case mapping methods cannot.

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the toUpperCase(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - the character to be converted.
Returns:
the uppercase equivalent of the character, if any; otherwise, the character itself.
See Also:
isUpperCase(char), String.toUpperCase()

toUpperCase

public static int toUpperCase(int codePoint)
Converts the character (Unicode code point) argument to uppercase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file.

Note that Character.isUpperCase(Character.toUpperCase(codePoint)) does not always return true for some ranges of characters, particularly those that are symbols or ideographs.

In general, String.toUpperCase() should be used to map characters to uppercase. String case mapping methods have several benefits over Character case mapping methods. String case mapping methods can perform locale-sensitive mappings, context-sensitive mappings, and 1:M character mappings, whereas the Character case mapping methods cannot.

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be converted.
Returns:
the uppercase equivalent of the character, if any; otherwise, the character itself.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
isUpperCase(int), String.toUpperCase()

toTitleCase

public static char toTitleCase(char ch)
Converts the character argument to titlecase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file. If a character has no explicit titlecase mapping and is not itself a titlecase char according to UnicodeData, then the uppercase mapping is returned as an equivalent titlecase mapping. If the char argument is already a titlecase char, the same char value will be returned.

Note that Character.isTitleCase(Character.toTitleCase(ch)) does not always return true for some ranges of characters.

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the toTitleCase(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - the character to be converted.
Returns:
the titlecase equivalent of the character, if any; otherwise, the character itself.
Since:
1.0.2
See Also:
isTitleCase(char), toLowerCase(char), toUpperCase(char)

toTitleCase

public static int toTitleCase(int codePoint)
Converts the character (Unicode code point) argument to titlecase using case mapping information from the UnicodeData file. If a character has no explicit titlecase mapping and is not itself a titlecase char according to UnicodeData, then the uppercase mapping is returned as an equivalent titlecase mapping. If the character argument is already a titlecase character, the same character value will be returned.

Note that Character.isTitleCase(Character.toTitleCase(codePoint)) does not always return true for some ranges of characters.

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be converted.
Returns:
the titlecase equivalent of the character, if any; otherwise, the character itself.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
isTitleCase(int), toLowerCase(int), toUpperCase(int)

digit

public static int digit(char ch,
                        int radix)
Returns the numeric value of the character ch in the specified radix.

If the radix is not in the range MIN_RADIX <= radix <= MAX_RADIX or if the value of ch is not a valid digit in the specified radix, -1 is returned. A character is a valid digit if at least one of the following is true:

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the digit(int, int) method.

Parameters:
ch - the character to be converted.
radix - the radix.
Returns:
the numeric value represented by the character in the specified radix.
See Also:
forDigit(int, int), isDigit(char)

digit

public static int digit(int codePoint,
                        int radix)
Returns the numeric value of the specified character (Unicode code point) in the specified radix.

If the radix is not in the range MIN_RADIX <= radix <= MAX_RADIX or if the character is not a valid digit in the specified radix, -1 is returned. A character is a valid digit if at least one of the following is true:

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be converted.
radix - the radix.
Returns:
the numeric value represented by the character in the specified radix.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
forDigit(int, int), isDigit(int)

getNumericValue

public static int getNumericValue(char ch)
Returns the int value that the specified Unicode character represents. For example, the character '\u216C' (the roman numeral fifty) will return an int with a value of 50.

The letters A-Z in their uppercase ('\u0041' through '\u005A'), lowercase ('\u0061' through '\u007A'), and full width variant ('\uFF21' through '\uFF3A' and '\uFF41' through '\uFF5A') forms have numeric values from 10 through 35. This is independent of the Unicode specification, which does not assign numeric values to these char values.

If the character does not have a numeric value, then -1 is returned. If the character has a numeric value that cannot be represented as a nonnegative integer (for example, a fractional value), then -2 is returned.

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the getNumericValue(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - the character to be converted.
Returns:
the numeric value of the character, as a nonnegative int value; -2 if the character has a numeric value that is not a nonnegative integer; -1 if the character has no numeric value.
Since:
1.1
See Also:
forDigit(int, int), isDigit(char)

getNumericValue

public static int getNumericValue(int codePoint)
Returns the int value that the specified character (Unicode code point) represents. For example, the character '\u216C' (the Roman numeral fifty) will return an int with a value of 50.

The letters A-Z in their uppercase ('\u0041' through '\u005A'), lowercase ('\u0061' through '\u007A'), and full width variant ('\uFF21' through '\uFF3A' and '\uFF41' through '\uFF5A') forms have numeric values from 10 through 35. This is independent of the Unicode specification, which does not assign numeric values to these char values.

If the character does not have a numeric value, then -1 is returned. If the character has a numeric value that cannot be represented as a nonnegative integer (for example, a fractional value), then -2 is returned.

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be converted.
Returns:
the numeric value of the character, as a nonnegative int value; -2 if the character has a numeric value that is not a nonnegative integer; -1 if the character has no numeric value.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
forDigit(int, int), isDigit(int)

isSpace

@Deprecated
public static boolean isSpace(char ch)
Deprecated. Replaced by isWhitespace(char).

Determines if the specified character is ISO-LATIN-1 white space. This method returns true for the following five characters only:
'\t' '\u0009' HORIZONTAL TABULATION
'\n' '\u000A' NEW LINE
'\f' '\u000C' FORM FEED
'\r' '\u000D' CARRIAGE RETURN
' ' '\u0020' SPACE

Parameters:
ch - the character to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is ISO-LATIN-1 white space; false otherwise.
See Also:
isSpaceChar(char), isWhitespace(char)

isSpaceChar

public static boolean isSpaceChar(char ch)
Determines if the specified character is a Unicode space character. A character is considered to be a space character if and only if it is specified to be a space character by the Unicode standard. This method returns true if the character's general category type is any of the following:

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isSpaceChar(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - the character to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is a space character; false otherwise.
Since:
1.1
See Also:
isWhitespace(char)

isSpaceChar

public static boolean isSpaceChar(int codePoint)
Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is a Unicode space character. A character is considered to be a space character if and only if it is specified to be a space character by the Unicode standard. This method returns true if the character's general category type is any of the following:

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is a space character; false otherwise.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
isWhitespace(int)

isWhitespace

public static boolean isWhitespace(char ch)
Determines if the specified character is white space according to Java. A character is a Java whitespace character if and only if it satisfies one of the following criteria:

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isWhitespace(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - the character to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is a Java whitespace character; false otherwise.
Since:
1.1
See Also:
isSpaceChar(char)

isWhitespace

public static boolean isWhitespace(int codePoint)
Determines if the specified character (Unicode code point) is white space according to Java. A character is a Java whitespace character if and only if it satisfies one of the following criteria:

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is a Java whitespace character; false otherwise.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
isSpaceChar(int)

isISOControl

public static boolean isISOControl(char ch)
Determines if the specified character is an ISO control character. A character is considered to be an ISO control character if its code is in the range '\u0000' through '\u001F' or in the range '\u007F' through '\u009F'.

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isISOControl(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - the character to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is an ISO control character; false otherwise.
Since:
1.1
See Also:
isSpaceChar(char), isWhitespace(char)

isISOControl

public static boolean isISOControl(int codePoint)
Determines if the referenced character (Unicode code point) is an ISO control character. A character is considered to be an ISO control character if its code is in the range '\u0000' through '\u001F' or in the range '\u007F' through '\u009F'.

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is an ISO control character; false otherwise.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
isSpaceChar(int), isWhitespace(int)

getType

public static int getType(char ch)
Returns a value indicating a character's general category.

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the getType(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - the character to be tested.
Returns:
a value of type int representing the character's general category.
Since:
1.1
See Also:
COMBINING_SPACING_MARK, CONNECTOR_PUNCTUATION, CONTROL, CURRENCY_SYMBOL, DASH_PUNCTUATION, DECIMAL_DIGIT_NUMBER, ENCLOSING_MARK, END_PUNCTUATION, FINAL_QUOTE_PUNCTUATION, FORMAT, INITIAL_QUOTE_PUNCTUATION, LETTER_NUMBER, LINE_SEPARATOR, LOWERCASE_LETTER, MATH_SYMBOL, MODIFIER_LETTER, MODIFIER_SYMBOL, NON_SPACING_MARK, OTHER_LETTER, OTHER_NUMBER, OTHER_PUNCTUATION, OTHER_SYMBOL, PARAGRAPH_SEPARATOR, PRIVATE_USE, SPACE_SEPARATOR, START_PUNCTUATION, SURROGATE, TITLECASE_LETTER, UNASSIGNED, UPPERCASE_LETTER

getType

public static int getType(int codePoint)
Returns a value indicating a character's general category.

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
Returns:
a value of type int representing the character's general category.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
COMBINING_SPACING_MARK, CONNECTOR_PUNCTUATION, CONTROL, CURRENCY_SYMBOL, DASH_PUNCTUATION, DECIMAL_DIGIT_NUMBER, ENCLOSING_MARK, END_PUNCTUATION, FINAL_QUOTE_PUNCTUATION, FORMAT, INITIAL_QUOTE_PUNCTUATION, LETTER_NUMBER, LINE_SEPARATOR, LOWERCASE_LETTER, MATH_SYMBOL, MODIFIER_LETTER, MODIFIER_SYMBOL, NON_SPACING_MARK, OTHER_LETTER, OTHER_NUMBER, OTHER_PUNCTUATION, OTHER_SYMBOL, PARAGRAPH_SEPARATOR, PRIVATE_USE, SPACE_SEPARATOR, START_PUNCTUATION, SURROGATE, TITLECASE_LETTER, UNASSIGNED, UPPERCASE_LETTER

forDigit

public static char forDigit(int digit,
                            int radix)
Determines the character representation for a specific digit in the specified radix. If the value of radix is not a valid radix, or the value of digit is not a valid digit in the specified radix, the null character ('\u0000') is returned.

The radix argument is valid if it is greater than or equal to MIN_RADIX and less than or equal to MAX_RADIX. The digit argument is valid if 0 <=digit < radix.

If the digit is less than 10, then '0' + digit is returned. Otherwise, the value 'a' + digit - 10 is returned.

Parameters:
digit - the number to convert to a character.
radix - the radix.
Returns:
the char representation of the specified digit in the specified radix.
See Also:
MIN_RADIX, MAX_RADIX, digit(char, int)

getDirectionality

public static byte getDirectionality(char ch)
Returns the Unicode directionality property for the given character. Character directionality is used to calculate the visual ordering of text. The directionality value of undefined char values is DIRECTIONALITY_UNDEFINED.

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the getDirectionality(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - char for which the directionality property is requested.
Returns:
the directionality property of the char value.
Since:
1.4
See Also:
DIRECTIONALITY_UNDEFINED, DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT, DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT, DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_ARABIC, DIRECTIONALITY_EUROPEAN_NUMBER, DIRECTIONALITY_EUROPEAN_NUMBER_SEPARATOR, DIRECTIONALITY_EUROPEAN_NUMBER_TERMINATOR, DIRECTIONALITY_ARABIC_NUMBER, DIRECTIONALITY_COMMON_NUMBER_SEPARATOR, DIRECTIONALITY_NONSPACING_MARK, DIRECTIONALITY_BOUNDARY_NEUTRAL, DIRECTIONALITY_PARAGRAPH_SEPARATOR, DIRECTIONALITY_SEGMENT_SEPARATOR, DIRECTIONALITY_WHITESPACE, DIRECTIONALITY_OTHER_NEUTRALS, DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT_EMBEDDING, DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT_OVERRIDE, DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_EMBEDDING, DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_OVERRIDE, DIRECTIONALITY_POP_DIRECTIONAL_FORMAT

getDirectionality

public static byte getDirectionality(int codePoint)
Returns the Unicode directionality property for the given character (Unicode code point). Character directionality is used to calculate the visual ordering of text. The directionality value of undefined character is DIRECTIONALITY_UNDEFINED.

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) for which the directionality property is requested.
Returns:
the directionality property of the character.
Since:
1.5
See Also:
DIRECTIONALITY_UNDEFINED, DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT, DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT, DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_ARABIC, DIRECTIONALITY_EUROPEAN_NUMBER, DIRECTIONALITY_EUROPEAN_NUMBER_SEPARATOR, DIRECTIONALITY_EUROPEAN_NUMBER_TERMINATOR, DIRECTIONALITY_ARABIC_NUMBER, DIRECTIONALITY_COMMON_NUMBER_SEPARATOR, DIRECTIONALITY_NONSPACING_MARK, DIRECTIONALITY_BOUNDARY_NEUTRAL, DIRECTIONALITY_PARAGRAPH_SEPARATOR, DIRECTIONALITY_SEGMENT_SEPARATOR, DIRECTIONALITY_WHITESPACE, DIRECTIONALITY_OTHER_NEUTRALS, DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT_EMBEDDING, DIRECTIONALITY_LEFT_TO_RIGHT_OVERRIDE, DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_EMBEDDING, DIRECTIONALITY_RIGHT_TO_LEFT_OVERRIDE, DIRECTIONALITY_POP_DIRECTIONAL_FORMAT

isMirrored

public static boolean isMirrored(char ch)
Determines whether the character is mirrored according to the Unicode specification. Mirrored characters should have their glyphs horizontally mirrored when displayed in text that is right-to-left. For example, '\u0028' LEFT PARENTHESIS is semantically defined to be an opening parenthesis. This will appear as a "(" in text that is left-to-right but as a ")" in text that is right-to-left.

Note: This method cannot handle supplementary characters. To support all Unicode characters, including supplementary characters, use the isMirrored(int) method.

Parameters:
ch - char for which the mirrored property is requested
Returns:
true if the char is mirrored, false if the char is not mirrored or is not defined.
Since:
1.4

isMirrored

public static boolean isMirrored(int codePoint)
Determines whether the specified character (Unicode code point) is mirrored according to the Unicode specification. Mirrored characters should have their glyphs horizontally mirrored when displayed in text that is right-to-left. For example, '\u0028' LEFT PARENTHESIS is semantically defined to be an opening parenthesis. This will appear as a "(" in text that is left-to-right but as a ")" in text that is right-to-left.

Parameters:
codePoint - the character (Unicode code point) to be tested.
Returns:
true if the character is mirrored, false if the character is not mirrored or is not defined.
Since:
1.5

compareTo

public int compareTo(Character anotherCharacter)
Compares two Character objects numerically.

Specified by:
compareTo in interface Comparable<Character>
Parameters:
anotherCharacter - the Character to be compared.
Returns:
the value 0 if the argument Character is equal to this Character; a value less than 0 if this Character is numerically less than the Character argument; and a value greater than 0 if this Character is numerically greater than the Character argument (unsigned comparison). Note that this is strictly a numerical comparison; it is not locale-dependent.
Since:
1.2

reverseBytes

public static char reverseBytes(char ch)
Returns the value obtained by reversing the order of the bytes in the specified char value.

Returns:
the value obtained by reversing (or, equivalently, swapping) the bytes in the specified char value.
Since:
1.5

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